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Archived in History section

Alexandria’s Ancient Museum and Library by Fotopoulou Sophia


In the annals of man's cultural and scientific history, three cities are often mentioned as the meeting places of scholars, scientists, and artists: Rome, Athens, and Alexandria. A major center of science, philosophy, and art, Alexandria was also the major link between the East and the West. As its founder Alexander the Great wished, it was a meeting place for eminent representatives of Egyptian, Grecian, Persian, and other cultures. It was in such an intellectual climate that the first universal library in history, which also served as a research institute and a museum, came into being at the beginning of…

Archived in History section

Ancient seals found at Hatab excavation site by Fotopoulou Sophia

The Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) Vadodara circle, has unearthed 160 ancient seals, with the Brahmi script inscribed on them, from the Hatab excavation site, located some 20 km south of Bhavnagar. The seals are said to be 2000 years old and were probably used to stamp goods that were to be exported.

Archived in History section

Anders Celsius by Arthur Sigurssen

Anders Celsius 1701-1744 painting by Olof Arenius (1701 - 1766)

Anders Celsius should be recognized as the first to perform and publish careful experiments aiming at the definition of an international temperature scale on scientific grounds. In his Swedish paper "Observations of two persistent degrees on a thermometer" he reports on experiments to check that the freezing point is independent of latitude (and also of atmospheric pressure!). He determined the dependence of the boiling of water with atmospheric pressure (in excellent agreement with modern data). He further gave a rule for the determination of the boiling point if the barometric pressure deviates from a certain standard pressure.

Archived in History section

Aramaic, the language of Jesus by Mala Matina

Lord's Prayer in Aramaic written by Deacon Yoaresh Beth Qashisha Mattai Mar Gewargis Church, Chicago

Aramaic was the language of Semitic culture, the language of the Hebrew patriarchs and, in the older days, the lingua franca of the Fertile Crescent. The term "Hebrew" is derived from the Aramaic word Abar or Habar which means " to cross over." This name was given to the Hebrew people simply because Abraham and the people who were with him crossed the river Euphrates and went to Palestine.

Therefore, they were known by those who lived east of the river Euphrates as Hebrew, that is, "the people across the river." All branches of the great…

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