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Archived in Civilization section

The Pyramid of the Moon

Teotihuacan, Mexico - Archaeologists have found a human skeleton and many artifacts inside the Pyramid of the Moon, once the biggest ceremonial center of pre-Colombian Mexico. The skeleton was discovered in a structure buried by the later construction of the pyramid, which served as a platform for a high altar -- not as a tomb in the Egyptian style. The excavations since June showed that the step-type pyramids, made most of tamped earth, loose rocks and an outer layer of mortared stone, may have been built over an earlier civilization before the mysterious Teotihuacanos.

Archived in Civilization section

Adivasi Culture and Civilization by Lobsan Payat


Adivasi traditions and practices pervade all aspects of Indian culture and civilization, yet this awareness is often lacking in popular consciousness, and the extent and import of Adivasi contributions to Indian philosophy, language and custom have often gone unrecognized, or been underrated by historians and social scientists.

Although popular myths about Buddhism have obscured the original source and inspiration for it's humanist doctrine, it is to India's ancient tribal (or Adivasi) societies that Gautam Buddha looked for a model for the kind of society he wished to advocate. Repulsed by how greed for private property was instrumental…

Archived in Civilization section

Ajanta caves by Jim Down

painting from ajanta caves

Ajanta caves are located 99-km away from Aurangabad district in the state of Maharashtra. The caves of Ajanta provided the canvas for innumerable paintings, not by Buddhist monks as commonly believed, but by highly trained members of guilds of artists under monastic and royal patronage.

Beginning in the 2nd century BC, and continuing for 900 years, 26 caves were chipped out of a horseshoe shaped cliff. These caves were a secluded retreat for Buddhist monastic orders and yet offered easy access to the trade routes that swung past here to the coast.

Archived in Civilization section

Ancient India’s Astronomy by Lobsan Payat

Konark Temple. This temple was dedicated to Surya - the sun god Surya was referred to, in Vedic literature as the creator who himself revolves causing existence.

Astronomy is one area which has fascinated all mankind from the beginnings of history. In India the first references to astronomy are to be found in the Rig Veda which is dated around 2000 B.C. Vedic Aryans in fact deified the Sun, Stars and Comets. Astronomy was then interwoven with astrology and since ancient times Indians have involved the planets (called Grahas) with the determination of human fortunes. The planets Shani, i.e. Saturn and Mangal i.e. Mars were considered inauspicious.

In the working out of horoscopes (called Janmakundali), the position of the Navagrahas, nine planets plus…

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