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Ahura Mazdah by Ali Argis

Ahura Mazdah (

Ahura Mazdah ("Lord Wisdom"), the Persian sun god was the supreme god, he who created the heavens and the Earth son of Zurvan Zurvan ("Time") . He was born as the twin brother of the dark god Ahriman (Angra Mainyu) from the womb of Infinite Time, the Primal Creator.

The fight between the brothers, resulting in Ahriman's fall from "Heaven," had the same cause as the rivalry between Cain and Abel of the Bible - that is, the sacrificial offering of one was accepted by the older deity, Vayu; the other was rejected. Vayu was probably…

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Aksum by Jim Down

King Ezana's Stele in Aksum

The ancient Ethiopian City of Aksum was one of the powerful urban kingdoms of the sub-Saharan societies of Africa flourished in the centuries before and after the time of Christ. The document, Periplus of the Erythraean Sea, said it is the "city of the people called Auxumites". (The Periplus of the Erythraean Sea is a Greek periplus, describing navigation and trading opportunities from Roman Egyptian ports like Berenice along the coast of the Red Sea, and others along East Africa and India.)

The Aksumites first began producing coins around 270 CE, under the rule of king…

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Al Battani by Ali Argis

Abu Abdallah Muhammad Ibn Jabir Ibn Sinan al-Battani al-Harrani

Abu Abdallah Muhammad Ibn Jabir Ibn Sinan al-Battani al-Harrani was born around 858 A.D. in Harran, and according to one account, in Battan, a State of Harran. Battani was first educated by his father Jabir Ibn San'an al-Battani, who was also a well-known scientist.

He then moved to Raqqa, situated on the bank of the Euphrates, where he received advanced education and later on flourished as a scholar. At the beginning of the 9th century, he migrated to Samarra, where he worked till the end of his life in 929 A.D. He was of Sabian origin,…

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Alexander Arnold Constantine Issigonis by Fotopoulou Sophia

Alec Issigonis (1906-1988)

'One thing that I learnt the hard way - well, not the hard way, the easy way - when you're designing a new car for production, never, never copy the opposition.'

This belief explains why the Minor and the Mini looked like no other car, as indeed they were not copied or inspired by existing cars. In addition to this policy, the new engineering principles Issigonis incorporated into them ensured that they would look different from their rivals.

The first 'modern' small car - designed by Alec Issigonis in 1959 and greeted…

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