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Archived in Science section

Algebra, the other mathematics by Mark Bond

Maths and thinking

In India around the 5th century A.D. a sys tem of mathematics that made astronomical calculations easy was developed. In those times its application was limited to astronomy as its pioneers were Astronomers. As tronomical calculations are complex and involve many variables that go into the derivation of unknown quantities. Algebra is a short-hand method of calculation and by this feature it scores over conventional arithmetic.

In ancient India conventional mathematics termed Ganitam was known before the development of algebra. This is borne out by the name - Bijaganitam, which was given to the algebraic form…

Archived in Science section

Ali AL-Masu’di by Ali Argis

Abul Hasan Ali Ibn Husain Ibn Ali AL-Masu'di

Abul Hasan Ali Ibn Husain Ibn Ali AL-Masu'di was a descendant of Abdallah Ibn Masu'd, a companion of the Holy Prophet (peace be upon him). An expert geographer, a physicist and historian, Masu'di was born in the last decade of the 9th century A.D., his exact date of birth being unknown. He was a Mutazilite Arab, who explored distant lands and died at Cairo, in 957 A.D.

He traveled to Fars in 915 A.D. and, after staying for one year in Istikhar, he proceeded via Baghdad to India, where he visited Multan and Mansoora before returning…

Archived in Science section

Amphibian Robots by Nick Costis

Amphibian Robots

A walking, swimming salamander comes alive, inside a computer

Auke Ijspeert and Michael Arbib of the Brain Simulation Laboratory at the University of Southern California in Los Angeles have developed a walking, swimming salamander that comes alive, inside a computer.

Archived in Science section

Beautiful show of colors as leaves change each autumn by Lobsan Payat

Flower and bee - ( Image by Dr. Blog )

We all enjoy the beautiful show of colors as leaves change each autumn. Did you ever wonder how and why this happens. To answer that question, we first have to understand what leaves are and what they do.

Leaves are nature's food factories. Plants take water from the ground through their roots. They take a gas called carbon dioxide from the air. Plants use sunlight to turn water and carbon dioxide into glucose. Glucose is a kind of sugar. Plants use glucose as food for energy and as a building block for growing. The way plants…

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